In order to compete with its competitors a business organization needs to have efficient employees, who are motivated enough to do their best for sake of the organizational interests. Abraham Maslow, Douglas McGregor, McClelland, Burnham and Vroom are among those theorists who have worked on the subject of motivation. They have defined various elements and processes which motivate employees to do their best. People spend most of their time working; therefore, they urge to get satisfaction out of work. This reality has increased the importance of keeping the employees motivated. Role of managers is very crucial in this regard. Managers are supposed to manage their teams in such a manner that they produce maximum output. Output of an employee is directly related to motivation and happiness, the one who is more motivated and happier is more productive. It is largely in the hands of managers to motivate the workforce. Motivation has become very important topic of the science of management and with every passing day its important is increasing.
Lack of motivation among the members of an organization may create many hindrances for it in the way of achieving desired goals. There are many reasons that lead towards lack of motivation among the members of an organization. Works about motivation and job satisfaction propose that in order to motivate employees individual attributes and work context both are essential. If one is not working the way s/he wants to work or if s/he is not using those particular tools and mediums which s/he wants to use it leads towards demotivation. We will use the examples from the movie “Office Space” along with the literature in order to understand what really demotivates employees at a workplace.
In the film the main character Peter does not give his best at work, he does not reach office on time. Furthermore, he tells to the consultants who come to his company in order to interview the employees that he does not feel like doing any extra for the company. He takes excessive time outs just for killing time at the office and pretends that he is working when actually he is not. He clearly tells to the consultants that he lacks motivation. Upon inquiry by the consultants he explains that the reason for his behavior and lack of motivation are that the company does not pay him extra for the extra work that he does. Moreover, he has not been promoted for the last many years.
Milton is another character in the film. He is not being liked by the management and by his colleagues due to his strange personality. The Group V.P frequently changes Milton’s desk and takes away his stapler, which is very dear to Milton, in order to disturb him. He is working there and getting money but still he is not happy because he is fulfilling his physiological needs out of the money which he is earning but his social needs which emerge after the physiological needs are not being fulfilled. He is not loved by any one and he is not given respect due to which he lacks motivation and is not happy with the work.
In the film Peter says that he works in a cubical and he cannot see what is happening around and cannot see out of the window. For this reason he dismantles his cubical so that he can see out of the window. Milton also tells someone on the phone that the V.P has changed his seat from the window to the other place where he cannot see out. Thus, another factor for the demotivation of Milton and especially of the Peter was that the office environment was of such a type that it was demotivating them.
The management of an organization should do their best in order to keep employees highly motivated. There are several things that must be done in order to keep the motivation level of the employees high. Motivation comes from the work, thus work itself is very important in terms of motivation. Job characteristics describe aspects of the job or task an employee performs, while work context pertains to characteristics of the organizational setting (e.g., an organization’s rewards systems, goals, or degree of formalization) in which an employee performs his work. Job characteristics or job settings directly affect working of an employee by motivating her/him or demotivating her/him. One thing which is very crucial in terms of the employee motivation is progress of employees. Lots of work has been done on the subject of motivation and many tools are being generated in this regard. If progress of the employees is being shown regularly to them they get motivated. Monetary incentives and growth at jobs are also important tools for motivating people. Motivated and satisfied employees work at their best. When employees perform well it automatically improves the overall organizational performance.